Akasaka Azabu

guide to travelling japan
  • Date Published: May 14, 2024

Japan is a fascinating country that seamlessly blends traditional and modern aspects of its culture. With its four major islands – Honshu, Kyushu, Shikoku, and Hokkaido – Japan offers a plethora of unique experiences for travelers. Whether you’re seeking vibrant cities, ancient temples, breathtaking landscapes, or delicious cuisine, Japan has it all.

Exploring Japan can be a truly enriching adventure, but it’s important to plan your trip carefully to make the most of your time. In this comprehensive guide, we’ll provide you with valuable insights and tips to help you navigate Japan like a pro. From planning your first trip to understanding Japanese culture and etiquette, we’ll cover everything you need to know.

Key Takeaways:

  • Japan offers a seamless blend of traditional and modern aspects that make it a unique destination for explorers.
  • With its four major islands, Japan offers diverse experiences that cater to all interests.
  • Planning your trip carefully is essential to ensure you make the most of your time in Japan.
  • Understanding Japanese culture and etiquette is crucial for a smooth and enjoyable experience.
  • Japan’s cuisine is diverse and flavorful, with options available for all budgets and preferences.

Planning Your First Trip to Japan

Planning your first trip to Japan can be an exciting but overwhelming experience. With so much to see and do, it’s essential to have a clear plan in place to make the most of your time in this fascinating country. Here are some essential Japan travel tips to help you navigate your way through your first-time adventure:

Culture and Etiquette

Before embarking on your journey, take some time to familiarize yourself with Japanese culture and etiquette. Japanese society places a strong emphasis on respect, politeness, and adherence to social norms. It’s essential to be mindful of your behavior, such as bowing when greeting someone, removing your shoes in certain establishments, and using chopsticks correctly. Learning a few basic Japanese phrases can also go a long way in showing respect and connecting with locals.

“One’s destination is never a place, but always a new way of seeing things.” – Henry Miller

Must-See Sights

Japan is filled with incredible sights and attractions, from ancient temples and stunning gardens to bustling cityscapes and serene mountain landscapes. In your trip planning process, prioritize the must-see sights that align with your interests. Some popular destinations include the vibrant city of Tokyo, the historical city of Kyoto, the iconic Mount Fuji, and the cultural city of Hiroshima. Consider how much time you have and create an itinerary that allows you to experience the diverse highlights of Japan.

Destination Recommended Duration
Tokyo 3-4 days
Kyoto 2-3 days
Mt. Fuji 1-2 days
Hiroshima 1-2 days

Transportation and Accommodation

Japan has an efficient and reliable transportation system, making it easy to navigate the country. The Japan Rail Pass is a cost-effective option for unlimited travel on most trains, including the famous shinkansen (bullet train). When it comes to accommodation, there are various options to suit every budget, from traditional ryokans to modern hotels. Research and book your transportation and accommodation in advance to secure the best deals and ensure a smooth travel experience.

By taking these Japan travel tips into account when planning your first trip, you’ll be well-prepared to make the most of your time in this captivating country. Remember to allow for flexibility in your itinerary, embrace the unique cultural experiences, and savor every moment of your Japanese adventure.

Best Time to Travel to Japan

When planning a trip to Japan, it’s essential to consider the best time to visit in order to make the most of your experience. Japan’s unique seasons offer distinct attractions and activities that cater to different preferences and interests. Whether you’re looking to witness the world-famous cherry blossoms, immerse yourself in vibrant festivals, or go skiing in picturesque mountains, there is a perfect time for everyone to explore this fascinating country.

Spring: Cherry Blossoms in Japan

One of the most iconic and popular times to visit Japan is during the spring season, from late March to early April, when the cherry blossoms (sakura) bloom. These delicate pink flowers transform the landscapes into stunning displays of natural beauty and symbolize new beginnings. From Tokyo’s Ueno Park to Kyoto’s Philosopher’s Path, there are numerous spots across the country where you can admire the breathtaking cherry blossom trees.

Summer: Lively Festivals and Outdoor Adventures

If you’re a fan of lively festivals and outdoor adventures, then summer is the best time to visit Japan. From June to August, the country comes alive with vibrant matsuri (festivals) celebrated throughout different regions. Experience the exhilarating atmosphere of the Gion Matsuri in Kyoto or witness the mesmerizing fireworks displays during the Sumida River Fireworks Festival in Tokyo. Moreover, summer is perfect for outdoor activities like hiking, exploring scenic beaches, or enjoying water sports.

Fall: Autumn Colors and Serenity

Autumn, from September to November, is another ideal time to visit Japan. The landscapes transform into a kaleidoscope of fiery reds, vibrant oranges, and golden hues as the leaves change color. The phenomenon, known as koyo, offers a serene and picturesque backdrop that is perfect for nature lovers and photographers. Some popular spots for experiencing the autumn colors include Arashiyama Bamboo Grove in Kyoto, Nikko National Park, and the scenic Lake Kawaguchi at the base of Mount Fuji.

Winter: Skiing, Onsen, and Winter Illuminations

For those who enjoy winter activities and want to experience a different side of Japan, the winter season from December to February is the best time to visit. Hokkaido, in particular, is renowned for its world-class ski resorts, where you can enjoy thrilling slopes surrounded by breathtaking snow-covered landscapes. After a day of skiing, immerse yourself in traditional Japanese culture by visiting an onsen (hot spring) or witness the enchanting winter illuminations in cities like Sapporo and Tokyo.

As with any travel destination, it’s important to note that peak seasons might attract larger crowds and higher prices. However, regardless of the time you choose to visit, Japan offers a wealth of unique experiences and cultural wonders that will leave a lasting impression. Plan your trip accordingly and embrace the beauty of each season in this captivating country.

Japanese Culture and Etiquette

When traveling to Japan, it’s important to familiarize yourself with the country’s unique culture and etiquette. Japan is renowned for its emphasis on respect, politeness, and hospitality, and understanding the customs will not only enhance your experience but also show respect to the locals you encounter.

One fundamental concept in Japanese culture is omotenashi, which refers to the Japanese approach to providing exceptional service and hospitality. Whether you’re staying in a hotel, dining in a restaurant, or interacting with locals, you’ll likely experience the warm and attentive nature of Japanese hospitality.

“In Japan, it’s customary to greet others with a bow rather than a handshake, especially when meeting someone for the first time. This gesture is a sign of respect and should be reciprocated.”

Punctuality is highly valued in Japan, so make sure to arrive on time for any scheduled activities or appointments. Being punctual is considered a sign of respect and shows that you value the other person’s time. If you find yourself running late, it’s polite to inform the relevant parties as soon as possible.

Meeting Locals

While meeting and interacting with locals can be a bit challenging due to language barriers and cultural differences, there are ways to connect with them. One option is to participate in free walking tours or organized activities that provide opportunities to engage with locals who can offer insights into the local culture and traditions.

Additionally, learning a few basic Japanese phrases and greetings can go a long way in breaking the ice and showing your interest in the local culture. Many Japanese people appreciate the effort and will be more inclined to engage with you.

Etiquette Tip Explanation
Cover Your Tattoos In Japan, tattoos are often associated with the yakuza (Japanese mafia) and can be seen as offensive or intimidating. It’s best to cover your tattoos, especially when visiting traditional public bathhouses (onsen) or other places where they may be visible.
Remove Your Shoes It is customary to remove your shoes when entering someone’s home or certain traditional establishments like temples and traditional ryokan (Japanese inns). Look for a shoe rack or a designated area for storing your shoes.
Don’t Point In Japanese culture, it’s considered impolite to point with your finger. Instead, use an open hand or gesture with your whole arm to indicate something or someone.

Planning for Meals in Japan

When traveling to Japan, one of the highlights is undoubtedly the delicious cuisine. Japanese food is known for its freshness, presentation, and unique flavors. From sushi and ramen to tempura and yakitori, there is something to satisfy every palate. However, it’s important to plan your meals in advance to make the most of your dining experience in Japan.

One helpful tool for finding dining options in Japan is Tabelog. This popular website provides reviews and ratings for restaurants across the country. Keep in mind that the rating system in Japan may differ from what you’re accustomed to, so it’s important to read reviews and consider them accordingly. A high rating on Tabelog indicates that the restaurant is well-regarded by locals, making it a great choice for a memorable meal.

Japanese portions are typically smaller compared to what you may be used to, but the flavors are packed with intensity. It’s an opportunity to try a variety of dishes and explore the diverse flavors of Japanese cuisine. Whether you’re indulging in a traditional kaiseki meal or enjoying street food from a local vendor, each bite is sure to be a culinary adventure.

Popular Japanese Dishes

  • Sushi: Fresh, raw fish served on seasoned rice.
  • Ramen: Noodles in a flavorful broth, often topped with pork, eggs, and other ingredients.
  • Tempura: Deep-fried seafood and vegetables.
  • Yakitori: Grilled skewered chicken, often seasoned with soy sauce or salt.

Exploring the local food scene is an essential part of any trip to Japan. Be adventurous and try new dishes, seek out recommendations from locals, and savor the flavors of this incredible culinary destination.

food in Japan

Traveling Japan with Kids

Traveling to Japan with kids can be both exciting and challenging. Japan is known for its family-friendly attractions and activities that cater to children of all ages. From theme parks to interactive museums, there is something for everyone. Here are some tips and recommendations to make your family trip to Japan a memorable one.

Family-Friendly Activities

Japan offers a wide range of family-friendly activities that will keep your kids entertained and engaged. One popular attraction is Tokyo Disneyland, which offers magical experiences for children and adults alike. Another must-visit is the Ghibli Museum in Tokyo, dedicated to the works of renowned Japanese animation studio, Studio Ghibli.

For nature lovers, a visit to Nara Park is a must. Kids will be delighted to see and feed the friendly deer that roam freely in the park. Another unique experience is visiting the Ninja Village in Iga-Ueno, where kids can dress up as ninjas and learn about the history and culture of these legendary warriors.

When visiting Kyoto, make sure to explore the Sagano Bamboo Forest and take a boat ride down the Hozu River. Kids will love the enchanting atmosphere of the bamboo forest and the scenic boat ride.

“Trying new foods is part of the adventure when traveling to Japan. However, kids can be picky eaters, so it’s important to find dishes that they will enjoy. Luckily, Japanese cuisine offers a variety of options that are sure to please their palates. Sushi may be an acquired taste for some children, so tempura, yakitori, and udon noodles are great alternatives. Don’t forget to try delicious Japanese desserts like mochi and matcha-flavored treats!”

Dish Description
Tempura Lightly battered and deep-fried vegetables or seafood
Yakitori Grilled skewered chicken
Udon Noodles Thick wheat noodles served in a savory broth
Mochi Chewy rice cake filled with sweet bean paste or fruit

Traveling with kids in Japan requires careful planning and consideration, but the experiences and memories you create as a family will be worth it. From exciting attractions to delicious cuisine, Japan offers endless opportunities for families to explore, learn, and have fun together.

Exploring Tokyo

Tokyo, the capital of Japan, is a bustling metropolis that offers a wide range of attractions for visitors to explore. From iconic landmarks to vibrant neighborhoods, there is something for everyone in this vibrant city.

Must-Visit Tokyo Attractions

When in Tokyo, be sure to visit some of the city’s most popular attractions:

  • Senso-ji Temple: Located in Asakusa, this ancient Buddhist temple is a must-see. Take a stroll through Nakamise Shopping Street leading up to the temple and soak in the traditional atmosphere.
  • Tokyo Skytree: Enjoy panoramic views of the city from the observation deck of this iconic landmark. On a clear day, you might even catch a glimpse of Mount Fuji in the distance.
  • Ginza: Known as Tokyo’s upscale shopping district, Ginza is home to luxury brands, department stores, and stylish boutiques. Take a leisurely walk along Chuo-dori street and indulge in some retail therapy.
  • Shinjuku Gyoen National Garden: Escape the hustle and bustle of the city and unwind in this peaceful oasis. The garden offers stunning landscapes, cherry blossoms in spring, and vibrant colors in autumn.

Exploring Tokyo Neighborhoods

Tokyo is divided into distinct neighborhoods, each with its own unique charm and character:

Neighborhood Description
Shibuya Famous for its busy intersection, Shibuya is a trendy neighborhood with shopping malls, nightlife, and vibrant street art.
Harajuku Known for its fashion-forward culture, Harajuku is where you’ll find quirky boutiques, street food, and the famous Takeshita Street.
Shinjuku With its towering skyscrapers and neon lights, Shinjuku is a vibrant entertainment and business district. Visit Kabukicho, Tokyo’s famous red-light district, or enjoy panoramic views from the Tokyo Metropolitan Government Building.
Asakusa Immerse yourself in traditional Japanese culture in Asakusa. Visit Senso-ji Temple, explore the narrow streets of Nakamise Shopping Street, and take a cruise along the Sumida River.

Exploring Tokyo’s neighborhoods on foot is a great way to experience the city’s unique blend of traditional and modern aspects. The efficient Yamanote Line train system is also a convenient option for getting around the different neighborhoods.

Tokyo Attractions

With its rich history, vibrant culture, and endless attractions, Tokyo is a city that will captivate and inspire you. From exploring ancient temples to shopping in upscale districts, there is no shortage of things to see and do in the exciting capital of Japan.

Discovering Kyoto

Kyoto, the cultural capital of Japan, is a city that showcases the country’s rich history and traditions. With its numerous temples, stunning gardens, and preserved districts, Kyoto offers visitors an immersive experience into Japan’s past. Here are some of the top attractions and things to do in Kyoto:

Temples and Shrines

One of the highlights of Kyoto is its impressive collection of temples and shrines. The Kinkaku-ji (Golden Pavilion) is a must-visit, with its stunning gold leaf exteriors reflecting on the surrounding pond. Another iconic temple is the Kiyomizu-dera, known for its wooden terrace that offers panoramic views of the city. For a more serene experience, visit the Ginkaku-ji (Silver Pavilion) and explore its beautifully manicured gardens.

Traditional Geisha Districts

Explore the traditional geisha districts of Kyoto, such as Gion and Pontocho, where you can catch a glimpse of geisha and maiko (apprentice geisha) as they make their way to appointments. Stroll along the charming streets lined with traditional wooden machiya houses, tea houses, and exclusive restaurants where geisha entertain guests.

Bamboo Forest of Arashiyama

Escape the city and immerse yourself in nature at the enchanting bamboo forest of Arashiyama. Walk along the path as towering bamboo shoots create a peaceful atmosphere. The nearby Tenryu-ji Temple is also worth a visit, with its stunning Zen garden and panoramic views of the surrounding mountains.

Attraction Description
Kinkaku-ji (Golden Pavilion) A stunning temple with gold leaf exteriors reflected in a surrounding pond.
Kiyomizu-dera Temple with a wooden terrace offering panoramic views of Kyoto.
Ginkaku-ji (Silver Pavilion) Temple surrounded by beautiful gardens and known for its peaceful atmosphere.
Gion Traditional geisha district with charming streets and exclusive restaurants.
Pontocho Another geisha district lined with traditional wooden machiya houses.
Bamboo Forest of Arashiyama An enchanting forest with towering bamboo shoots creating a peaceful atmosphere.

Highlights of Hiroshima

Hiroshima is a city that holds immense historical significance, as it was the site of the devastating Hiroshima bombing during World War II. Today, it serves as a powerful symbol of resilience and peace. One of the must-visit attractions in Hiroshima is the Hiroshima Peace Memorial, also known as the Atomic Bomb Dome. This iconic structure stands as a solemn reminder of the tragedy that occurred and serves as a symbol of hope for a world free of nuclear weapons.

Visiting the Hiroshima Peace Memorial Museum is a deeply moving experience that provides insight into the events leading up to the bombing, the immediate aftermath, and the long-term effects on the city and its people. The museum houses artifacts, photographs, and personal accounts that offer a somber and thought-provoking perspective on the impact of the atomic bomb.

Aside from its historical significance, Hiroshima has much more to offer. Take a stroll through the beautiful Hiroshima Peace Memorial Park, which surrounds the Atomic Bomb Dome. The park features lush greenery, tranquil ponds, and various monuments dedicated to peace. It serves as a place of reflection and a symbol of hope for a brighter future.

Table: Top Attractions in Hiroshima

Attraction Description
Hiroshima Peace Memorial The remains of the buildings destroyed by the atomic bomb.
Hiroshima Peace Memorial Museum A museum showcasing the history and impact of the atomic bomb.
Hiroshima Peace Memorial Park A park dedicated to promoting peace and remembrance.
Miyajima Island A picturesque island known for its iconic Itsukushima Shrine.
Hiroshima Castle A reconstructed castle with a museum and panoramic views of the city.

Another popular attraction near Hiroshima is the enchanting Miyajima Island. Known for its iconic Itsukushima Shrine, which appears to float on the water during high tide, the island offers breathtaking natural beauty. Explore the picturesque streets, interact with friendly deer, and savor local delicacies such as grilled oysters and Momiji Manju, a sweet maple leaf-shaped cake.

Hiroshima is a city that not only tells a heartbreaking story but also offers messages of peace, unity, and hope. It is a place that encourages visitors to reflect on the past, appreciate the present, and work towards a better future for all humanity.

Experiencing Mount Fuji

If you’re visiting Japan, a trip to Mount Fuji is a must. This iconic mountain, standing at 3,776 meters tall, offers breathtaking views and a sense of serenity. Whether you choose to climb Mount Fuji or opt for a day trip from Tokyo, you’re in for a memorable experience.

For adventure enthusiasts and nature lovers, climbing Mount Fuji is an exhilarating challenge. The climbing season typically runs from early July to mid-September when the weather conditions are most favorable. It’s important to note that climbing the mountain requires physical stamina and preparation, so make sure to plan accordingly and check the weather forecast before embarking on this journey.

If you prefer a more leisurely experience, day trips from Tokyo are a convenient option. Many tour operators offer guided excursions that include transportation to the mountain, allowing you to enjoy the stunning views without the physical exertion of climbing. These day trips often include stops at nearby attractions such as Hakone’s hot springs and Lake Ashi, providing a well-rounded experience.

Table: Mount Fuji Climbing Tips

Tips Details
Prepare for the climb Make sure to bring appropriate clothing, hiking boots, and plenty of water. It’s also advisable to acclimatize to the altitude before attempting the climb.
Start early Begin your climb in the early hours of the morning to witness the sunrise from the summit. The views are truly spectacular.
Take breaks It’s important to pace yourself and take regular breaks during the climb. This will help prevent altitude sickness and allow you to enjoy the experience.
Watch the weather Check the weather forecast before your climb. Avoid climbing on days with strong winds, heavy rain, or poor visibility.
Follow the rules Respect the rules and guidelines set by the authorities. Stay on designated paths, dispose of trash properly, and be mindful of other climbers.

Whichever option you choose, experiencing Mount Fuji is a highlight of any trip to Japan. The majestic beauty of the mountain and the surrounding landscapes will leave you in awe of nature’s wonders.

Enjoying Sapporo

Sapporo, located in Hokkaido, is a vibrant city that offers a unique blend of natural beauty, cultural attractions, and culinary delights. Known for its ski resorts, thermal baths, and beer brewing history, Sapporo has something to offer to every type of traveler.

One of the highlights of Sapporo is the world-famous Sapporo Snow Festival. Held annually in February, this festival attracts millions of visitors from around the globe. Marvel at the spectacular ice and snow sculptures that adorn the city and take part in exciting winter activities.

When exploring Sapporo, be sure to visit the historic Sapporo Clock Tower, which stands as a symbol of the city’s development. Take a stroll through Odori Park, a picturesque park that stretches for over a kilometer and hosts various events throughout the year. And don’t miss the chance to try local delicacies like fresh seafood and, of course, Sapporo’s renowned uni (sea urchin).

Attractions Description
Sapporo Snow Festival A world-renowned winter festival featuring stunning ice and snow sculptures.
Sapporo Clock Tower A historic landmark that symbolizes the city’s development.
Odori Park A beautiful park that offers a peaceful escape in the heart of the city.
Local Cuisine Try fresh seafood and Sapporo’s famous uni (sea urchin) for a delicious culinary experience.

Whether you’re visiting during the enchanting winter months or exploring Sapporo’s natural beauty in the warmer seasons, this city is sure to leave you with unforgettable memories.


In conclusion, Japan is a fascinating country that offers a diverse range of experiences for travelers. From its modern cities to its historic temples, there is something for everyone to enjoy. Japan’s unique blend of traditional and modern culture is evident in its cuisine, where you can savor delicious and diverse flavors.

Whether you’re exploring the bustling streets of Tokyo or immersing yourself in the serene beauty of Kyoto, Japan will leave a lasting impression. The country’s stunning landscapes, from the iconic Mount Fuji to the picturesque cherry blossom trees, provide a backdrop for unforgettable adventures.

As you travel through Japan, you’ll also be struck by the warmth and friendliness of the Japanese people. Their commitment to hospitality and respect, known as omotenashi, will make you feel welcome wherever you go. So, pack your bags and embark on an unforgettable journey through this amazing country.


Is Japan a modernized country?

Yes, Japan is a country with a deeply modernized and evolved culture, blending traditional and modern aspects seamlessly.

How many major islands does Japan have?

Japan consists of four major islands – Honshu, Kyushu, Shikoku, and Hokkaido – each offering unique experiences.

What are some popular seasons to visit Japan?

Spring brings cherry blossoms (sakura), while fall showcases autumn colors (koyo). Winter is ideal for skiing in Hokkaido, and summer is filled with lively festivals (matsuri).

What is omotenashi?

Omotenashi is a high level of service and respect that is deeply ingrained in Japanese culture.

Where can I find dining options in Japan?

Tabelog is a useful tool to find dining experiences in Japan. It’s important to note that a high rating in Japan may differ from other countries, so consider reviews accordingly.

Is Japan a family-friendly destination?

Yes, Japan is a family-friendly destination with plenty of activities for kids.

What are some must-visit neighborhoods in Tokyo?

Omotesando, Harajuku, and Shibuya are vibrant neighborhoods that offer a unique blend of traditional and modern aspects.

What is Kyoto known for?

Kyoto is known as the cultural capital of Japan and is famous for its temples and traditional architecture.

Why is Hiroshima significant?

Hiroshima holds historical significance as the city where the first atomic bomb was dropped. The Hiroshima Peace Memorial and Museum provide insights into the impact of this event.

Can I climb Mount Fuji?

Yes, climbing Mount Fuji is a popular option, especially during the climbing season from early July to mid-September. Day trips from Tokyo are also available.

What can I do in Sapporo?

Sapporo is known for its ski resorts, thermal baths, and beer brewing history. The Sapporo Snow Festival in February is a must-see event.

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