Akasaka Azabu

How big is Osaka, Japan?
  • Date Published: April 30, 2024

Osaka, Japan, which sits in the Kansai region, is a lively city that blends history, culture, and the contemporary in a unique way. Not only is it the capital of Osaka Prefecture, but it is also considered one of Japan’s three significant cities. If you’re interested in learning about Osaka’s magnitude and its number of residents, this is the perfect place for you.

In terms of area, Osaka covers 225.21 square kilometers (86.95 square miles). This makes it a significant urban center in Japan, with a bustling cityscape that showcases the country’s architectural prowess and urban planning.

As for its population, Osaka is home to approximately 2.7 million people, making it the third-most populous city in Japan. With such a dense population, Osaka offers a truly cosmopolitan and multicultural atmosphere, attracting individuals from various backgrounds and nationalities.

Key Takeaways:

  • Osaka covers an area of 225.21 square kilometers (86.95 square miles).
  • The city has a population of approximately 2.7 million people.
  • Osaka offers a vibrant multicultural environment.
  • The cityscape showcases Japan’s architectural prowess and urban planning.
  • Intrigued? Keep reading to explore more about Osaka’s geographic significance, historical landmarks, cultural attractions, and culinary delights!

Osaka’s Geographic Significance

Located on the island of Honshu in Japan, Osaka holds great geographic significance as a port city in the Kansai region. Its strategic position is enhanced by the presence of the Yodo River, which flows through the city and connects it to the Osaka Bay. This advantageous location has contributed to Osaka’s growth and made it a pivotal urban center in Japan.

With a land area covering 225.21 square kilometers (86.95 square miles), Osaka boasts a substantial geographical size. This expansive territory, combined with its strategic port and river access, has played a key role in the city’s development and economic achievements.

Osaka’s Land Area

Osaka’s land area spans 225.21 square kilometers (86.95 square miles), making it a significant urban center in Japan. This sizeable landmass provides ample space for the city’s diverse range of industries, businesses, residential areas, and cultural attractions.

Strategic Location as a Port City

Osaka’s geographical significance is amplified by its status as a port city. The presence of the Yodo River flowing through the city and connecting it to Osaka Bay facilitates trade, transportation, and access to the Pacific Ocean. This advantageous position has contributed to Osaka’s economic growth and solidified its status as a vital hub for commerce and industry.

Osaka’s strategic location as a port city and its extensive land area make it a significant urban center in Japan.

Gateway to the Kansai Region

As part of the Kansai region, Osaka serves as a gateway to other major cities and attractions in the area. Its central location offers convenient access to tourist destinations such as Kyoto, Nara, Kobe, and Wakayama. This accessibility further enhances Osaka’s geographic significance and makes it an ideal base for exploring the rich cultural heritage and natural beauty of the Kansai region.

Population and Density of Osaka

Osaka, with a population of 2.7 million people, is the third-most populous city in Japan. Known for its multicultural and cosmopolitan atmosphere, Osaka attracts people from various backgrounds and nationalities. The city’s population density is remarkably high, with approximately 12,214 people per square kilometer (31,630 per square mile). This high population density is a testament to Osaka’s status as a bustling urban center.

Key Demographic Factors

The demographics of Osaka are diverse, reflecting the city’s vibrant and inclusive nature. People of different ethnicities and cultures call Osaka their home, contributing to the city’s cultural richness. Moreover, Osaka’s demographic makeup consists of a blend of locals and expatriates, further enhancing its multicultural environment.

Population Density Comparison

To better understand Osaka’s population density, let’s compare it to other major cities in Japan:

City Population Density (Per Square Kilometer)
Tokyo 6,000
Osaka 12,214
Yokohama 4,145
Nagoya 2,300
Sapporo 1,221

As seen in the table, Osaka has one of the highest population densities among major cities in Japan, making it a thriving and diverse metropolis.

Osaka’s Historical Significance

Osaka is a city with a rich history that spans centuries, making it a significant place for exploring Japanese history and culture. From its origins as an economic hub and regional port during the Kofun period to its brief stint as the imperial capital in the 7th and 8th centuries, Osaka has played a vital role in the country’s historical development.

During the Edo period, Osaka experienced a period of flourishing growth and became a center of Japanese culture. The city attracted artists, scholars, and merchants, contributing to its vibrant cultural scene that still thrives today. Osaka’s historical significance is evident in its numerous landmarks and architectural treasures that showcase different periods in Japanese history.

One of Osaka’s most famous historical landmarks is Osaka Castle, which stands as an iconic symbol of the city. Built in the 16th century, the castle is a magnificent example of Japanese architecture and offers panoramic views of the surrounding area. Another notable landmark is the Shitennō-ji temple, one of the oldest Buddhist temples in Japan, dating back to the 6th century.

Sumiyoshi Taisha Grand Shrine is another significant historical site in Osaka. Known for its unique architectural style and tranquil atmosphere, the shrine is dedicated to the guardian deities of seafaring, making it a place of worship for fishermen and sailors throughout history.

Exploring these historical landmarks allows visitors to delve into the rich tapestry of Osaka’s past, providing insights into the city’s cultural heritage and its contribution to Japanese history. Whether it’s admiring the grandeur of Osaka Castle, immersing oneself in the spiritual ambiance of Shitennō-ji temple, or experiencing the serenity of Sumiyoshi Taisha Grand Shrine, Osaka offers a captivating journey through time.

Immerse yourself in the historical significance of Osaka by visiting its iconic landmarks and uncovering the secrets that lie within.

Osaka as a Financial Center

Osaka, one of Japan’s premier cities, has established itself as a prominent financial center in the country. With its robust economy and strategic location, the city has become an attractive destination for multinational corporations and businesses seeking to thrive in the Japanese market.

Osaka Financial Center

Serving as the home to the Osaka Exchange, Osaka plays a vital role in Japan’s financial landscape. The Osaka Exchange, one of the leading securities exchanges in the country, facilitates the trading of stocks, derivatives, and other financial instruments. Its presence reinforces Osaka’s position as a hub for financial activities and investment opportunities.

Moreover, Osaka boasts the headquarters of renowned international electronics corporations like Panasonic and Sharp. These multinational companies have chosen Osaka as their base of operations, leveraging the city’s thriving business environment and skilled workforce. Their presence not only contributes to the city’s economic growth but also enhances its reputation as a global center for innovation and technological advancement.

The financial prowess of Osaka extends beyond its corporate landscape. It serves as a catalyst for economic development in the broader Keihanshin Metropolitan Area, which encompasses the cities of Kyoto and Kobe. The Keihanshin Metropolitan Area houses a multitude of multinational corporations, financial institutions, and research centers. This concentration of economic power further solidifies Osaka’s status as a prominent financial center in Japan and reinforces its position as a driver of regional growth.

The Role of Multinational Corporations

Multinational corporations in Osaka play a critical role in shaping the city’s financial landscape. These corporations bring diverse expertise, capital, and employment opportunities, fostering economic growth and job creation. Osaka’s multinational corporations contribute to the city’s vibrancy, offering a wealth of employment opportunities and attracting skilled professionals from around the world.

“Osaka’s multinational corporations fuel economic growth, attract global talent, and contribute to the city’s cosmopolitan atmosphere, making it a dynamic financial center in Japan.”

Selected Multinational Corporations in Osaka

Company Industry
Panasonic Electronics
Sharp Electronics
Nidec Electronics
Takeda Pharmaceutical Pharmaceuticals
Olympus Medical equipment
NTT Data Information technology

These multinational corporations not only contribute to the local economy but also actively participate in corporate social responsibility initiatives, supporting various community programs, and driving social change. Their commitment to sustainability and societal well-being strengthens Osaka’s reputation as a responsible and forward-thinking financial center.

In conclusion, Osaka’s transformation into a financial center is a testament to its economic prosperity and favorable business environment. The presence of multinational corporations, such as Panasonic and Sharp, strengthens the city’s financial sector, while contributing to job creation and fostering innovation. Osaka’s status as a major financial center in Japan is set to continue, nurturing economic growth and offering exciting investment opportunities.

Urban Planning and Development in Osaka

Osaka has been a pioneer in urban planning and development in Japan, making significant contributions to the field. The city’s commitment to efficient and sustainable city planning is evident in its urban landscape and redevelopment projects.

Following the devastation of World War II, Osaka underwent a period of rapid industrialization and urban growth. In the postwar era, the city played a crucial role in defining the standards for redevelopment and zoning in Japan. Through careful urban planning, Osaka transformed into a thriving metropolis and became a major center for economic growth.

The city’s focus on redevelopment is reflected in its innovative architectural designs and utilization of space. Osaka’s skyline showcases a blend of modern skyscrapers and historical landmarks, creating a unique urban environment. The incorporation of green spaces, pedestrian-friendly streets, and efficient transportation systems further enhance the city’s appeal.

One notable example of urban redevelopment in Osaka is the Umeda Sky Building. This iconic structure features twin towers connected by a floating garden observatory, providing panoramic views of the city. Its innovative design exemplifies Osaka’s commitment to combining artistic architecture with functionality.

Osaka’s urban landscape is a testament to the city’s dedication to creating a sustainable and livable environment for its residents.

The city’s urban planning initiatives have also focused on promoting community engagement and enhancing the quality of life for its inhabitants. Through the development of mixed-use areas, Osaka has created vibrant neighborhoods that seamlessly blend residential, commercial, and cultural spaces.

Redevelopment Projects in Osaka

Osaka has embarked on several ambitious redevelopment projects to revitalize its urban areas. One notable project is the development of the Osaka Bay area, which has transformed former industrial sites into thriving waterfront districts.

The Osaka Station City project is another prime example of successful urban redevelopment. It transformed the area surrounding Osaka Station into a bustling commercial and entertainment hub, featuring shopping malls, hotels, and office buildings. The integration of various transportation modes, including train, subway, and bus terminals, has made it a convenient transit hub for residents and visitors alike.

Ongoing redevelopment efforts also extend to districts such as Namba and Tennoji, which have undergone significant transformations to enhance their cultural and historical significance while maintaining their distinct identities.

Overall, Osaka’s commitment to urban planning and development has shaped it into a vibrant city that seamlessly combines historical landmarks with modern architectural marvels. Its dedication to sustainable and efficient urban design sets an example for cities worldwide.

Key Features of Urban Planning in Osaka Benefits
Pedestrian-friendly streets and walkways Enhanced mobility and accessibility
Incorporation of green spaces Improved air quality and overall well-being
Efficient transportation systems Reduced congestion and travel time
Mixed-use areas Vibrant communities with a diverse range of amenities
Revitalization of former industrial sites Economic growth and job opportunities

Cultural Attractions in Osaka

Osaka is known for its vibrant cultural scene and offers a plethora of tourist attractions. Visitors can explore landmarks such as Osaka Castle, Osaka Aquarium Kaiyukan, and Tsūtenkaku in Shinsekai. The city is also home to famous festivals like Tenjin Matsuri, Kishiwada Danjiri, and Ebessan. Osaka’s cultural offerings make it a popular destination for both domestic and international tourists.

Osaka landmarks

Landmark Description
Osaka Castle A historic Japanese castle famous for its architecture and beautiful gardens. It offers panoramic views of the city.
Osaka Aquarium Kaiyukan One of the largest aquariums in the world, showcasing a diverse range of marine life from different habitats.
Tsūtenkaku An iconic tower in Shinsekai known for its observation deck and vibrant street atmosphere.
Tenjin Matsuri One of Japan’s most famous festivals, featuring traditional boat processions on the Okawa River.
Kishiwada Danjiri A dynamic festival where large wooden floats are pulled through the streets amidst lively music and dance performances.
Ebessan A colorful festival held in Osaka’s Nishinari ward, showcasing traditional arts, sumo wrestling, and street food.

Osaka’s Culinary Delights

Osaka is renowned for its culinary delights and is often referred to as the “Kitchen of Japan.” The city is famous for its street food, takoyaki (octopus balls), and okonomiyaki (savory pancakes). Neighborhoods like Tenma and Ura Namba are known for their diverse and delicious food options. Osaka’s gastronomy is a major draw for food lovers and offers a unique dining experience.

When it comes to Osaka food, there is an abundance of flavors waiting to be discovered. Whether you’re strolling through the vibrant streets or exploring local markets, you’ll find a wide variety of gastronomic delights to tantalize your taste buds. From savory street snacks to delectable seafood dishes, Osaka offers a culinary journey like no other.

Must-Try Osaka Food

Here are some of the must-try dishes that capture the essence of Osaka’s famous gastronomy:


A quintessential Osaka street food, takoyaki is a favorite among locals and visitors alike. These bite-sized octopus balls are made with a batter filled with diced octopus, green onions, and pickled ginger. Cooked in special molded pans and topped with savory sauce, mayonnaise, and bonito flakes, takoyaki offers a delightful combination of flavors and textures.


Another Osaka specialty, okonomiyaki is a savory pancake made with a batter of flour, grated yam, and cabbage. The pancake is typically topped with an assortment of ingredients such as pork belly, seafood, or cheese, and cooked on a griddle. It is then drizzled with okonomiyaki sauce, mayonnaise, and sprinkled with bonito flakes and dried seaweed. Okonomiyaki is a comforting and flavorful dish that truly reflects Osaka’s gastronomic culture.

Diverse Food Scene

Osaka’s food scene goes beyond street food. The city boasts numerous establishments, from casual eateries to Michelin-starred restaurants, offering a wide range of Japanese and international cuisines. Whether you’re looking for traditional sushi, sizzling teppanyaki, or fusion cuisine, Osaka has something to satisfy every palate.

Food Halls and Markets

For a more immersive food experience, visit the vibrant food halls and markets in Osaka. The Kuromon Ichiba Market is a must-visit, with its bustling atmosphere and wide array of fresh seafood, fruits, vegetables, and street food stalls. Namba Food Streets and Dotonbori are also popular destinations where you can find local delicacies and indulge in Osaka’s vibrant street food culture.

Must-Try Osaka Food

Food Description
Takoyaki A popular street food made with octopus and a savory batter, topped with sauce and mayonnaise.
Okonomiyaki A savory pancake made with cabbage, topped with various ingredients and served with sauce and mayonnaise.
Kushikatsu Skewered and breaded meat, seafood, and vegetables, deep-fried to perfection.
Yakitori Grilled skewers of chicken, marinated and seasoned with a variety of sauces.
Takoyaki A popular street food made with octopus and a savory batter, topped with sauce and mayonnaise.
Okonomiyaki A savory pancake made with cabbage, topped with various ingredients and served with sauce and mayonnaise.

Transportation and Accessibility in Osaka

Osaka boasts a well-developed transportation system, making it incredibly easy to navigate the city and its surrounding areas. The city offers convenient access to various modes of transportation, including trains, buses, and taxis.

One of the key transportation options in Osaka is the extensive train network. The city is serviced by several train stations, which are strategically located throughout different neighborhoods. Some of the major train stations in Osaka include:

  1. Osaka Station
  2. Namba Station
  3. Tennoji Station

These train stations serve as major hubs, connecting Osaka to other parts of the city, as well as neighboring cities within the greater Kansai region. With efficient train services, travelers can easily explore popular destinations such as Kyoto, Nara, Kobe, and Wakayama.

In addition to the train network, Osaka also has a well-established bus system. Buses provide a convenient and cost-effective means of transportation, with routes covering various parts of the city. Taxis are also widely available, offering a more personalized and direct mode of transportation.

For those arriving by air, Kansai International Airport (KIX) serves as the main gateway to Osaka and the Kansai region. The airport is located on an artificial island and offers domestic and international flights, connecting Osaka to major cities around the world.

Transportation Mode Advantages
  • Extensive network coverage
  • Efficiency and reliability
  • Convenient access to neighboring cities
  • Cost-effective
  • Covers various parts of the city
  • Flexible routes
  • Direct and personalized service
  • Convenience, especially for specific destinations
Kansai International Airport (KIX)
  • Main gateway for domestic and international flights
  • Easy access to Osaka and the Kansai region


In conclusion, Osaka is a vibrant and dynamic city in Japan, known for its impressive size and population density. The city’s geographical significance as a strategic port and its historical landmarks contribute to its rich cultural heritage. Osaka’s status as a major financial center and its commitment to urban planning and sustainable development make it an appealing destination for both residents and visitors.

Whether exploring the historical sites, indulging in the local gastronomy, or immersing yourself in the vibrant cultural scene, Osaka offers a unique and memorable experience. The city’s multicultural atmosphere, combined with its efficient transportation system and accessibility to other major cities in the region, ensures that visitors can easily navigate and explore everything Osaka has to offer.

From the famous Osaka Castle and Shitennō-ji temple to the bustling streets of neighborhoods like Dōtonbori and Namba, Osaka’s cultural attractions captivate tourists from around the world. Additionally, the city’s culinary delights, such as takoyaki and okonomiyaki, tantalize the taste buds of food enthusiasts.

In summary, whether you’re interested in history, culture, or cuisine, Osaka is a city that has something for everyone. Its unique blend of tradition and modernity, combined with its warm and welcoming atmosphere, ensures that a visit to Osaka will leave you with cherished memories of this remarkable Japanese city.


How big is Osaka, Japan?

Osaka covers an area of 225.21 square kilometers (86.95 square miles).

What is the population of Osaka?

Osaka has a population of 2.7 million people.

What is the population density of Osaka?

The population density of Osaka is 12,214 people per square kilometer (31,630 per square mile).

What is the geographical size of Osaka?

Osaka has a land area of 225.21 square kilometers (86.95 square miles).

What is the historical significance of Osaka?

Osaka has a rich history dating back centuries and served as an economic hub and regional port during the Kofun period. It briefly served as the imperial capital and flourished during the Edo period, becoming a center of Japanese culture.

Why is Osaka considered a major financial center?

Osaka is recognized as a major financial center in Japan due to its strategic location and being the headquarters for multinational corporations like Panasonic and Sharp.

What is Osaka known for in terms of urban planning?

Osaka has been at the forefront of urban planning and development in Japan, making notable contributions to redevelopment and zoning standards in the postwar period. The city has undergone rapid industrialization and is a center for economic growth.

What are some famous landmarks in Osaka?

Osaka is home to famous landmarks such as Osaka Castle, Shitennō-ji temple, Sumiyoshi Taisha Grand Shrine, Osaka Aquarium Kaiyukan, and Tsūtenkaku in Shinsekai.

What is Osaka known for in terms of food?

Osaka is often referred to as the “Kitchen of Japan” and is famous for its street food, takoyaki (octopus balls), and okonomiyaki (savory pancakes). The neighborhoods of Tenma and Ura Namba are known for their diverse and delicious food options.

What is the transportation system like in Osaka?

Osaka has a well-developed transportation system, with several train stations including Osaka Station, Namba Station, and Tennoji Station. It is also a transportation hub for the greater Kansai region, with easy access to Kyoto, Nara, Kobe, and Wakayama. Kansai International Airport (KIX) provides convenient air travel options.

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