Akasaka Azabu

Shinjuku's Nijūkimachi neighborhood
  • Date Published: May 17, 2024

Welcome to Nijūkimachi in Shinjuku, a lively and energetic neighborhood situated in Tokyo’s Shinjuku District, Japan. With bustling streets, a vibrant local culture, and a wide range of food options, the area provides an engaging experience for both locals and tourists. Nijūkimachi in Shinjuku, located in Tokyo’s core, acts as a significant commercial and administrative hub, drawing in people from various lifestyles.

The neighborhood is home to some of the busiest railway stations in the world, such as Shinjuku Station, making it easily accessible to explore. You’ll also find iconic landmarks like the Tokyo Metropolitan Government Building, a must-visit spot for panoramic views of the city. Covering a total area of 18.23 square kilometers, and with a population density of approximately 19,000 people per square kilometer, Shinjuku Nijūkimachi is a bustling hub of activity and excitement.

Key Takeaways:

  • Shinjuku’s Nijūkimachi neighborhood is located in the Shinjuku District of Tokyo, Japan.
  • The neighborhood is known for its lively streets, rich local culture, and diverse cuisine.
  • Shinjuku Nijūkimachi serves as a major commercial and administrative center.
  • The neighborhood is home to iconic landmarks like the Tokyo Metropolitan Government Building.
  • Shinjuku Nijūkimachi covers an area of 18.23 square kilometers and has a population density of approximately 19,000 people per square kilometer.

Exploring the Attractions of Nijūkimachi

Shinjuku’s Nijūkimachi neighborhood is a treasure trove of attractions waiting to be explored. One of the must-visit destinations in this vibrant district is the stunning Shinjuku Gyoen. Spanning 58.3 hectares, this expansive park boasts a harmonious blend of traditional Japanese, English landscape, and French formal style gardens. It’s the perfect place to take a leisurely stroll, have a picnic, or simply relax and enjoy the beautiful scenery.

If you’re looking for a taste of Shinjuku Nijūkimachi’s vibrant nightlife, head to Kabukichō. Known as Tokyo’s entertainment district, Kabukichō offers an array of bars, restaurants, and clubs to suit every taste. The district comes alive at night with bright neon lights and a bustling atmosphere, making it an exciting place to explore.

For those seeking a unique experience, the Golden Gai is a must-visit. This charming neighborhood is home to numerous small shanty-style bars and clubs. It’s the perfect place to immerse yourself in the local culture, interact with friendly locals, and enjoy a truly authentic Tokyo nightlife experience.

Historical Quote

“Shinjuku Nijūkimachi is a vibrant district that offers something for everyone. From the serene beauty of Shinjuku Gyoen to the bustling energy of Kabukichō, visitors will find themselves captivated by the diverse range of attractions in this neighborhood.” – Hiroshi Takahashi, local historian

Hidden Gems of Nijūkimachi

In addition to the well-known attractions, Shinjuku Nijūkimachi is also home to hidden gems waiting to be discovered. Wander through the streets of this neighborhood and you’ll stumble upon unique shops, quaint cafes, and charming art galleries. Take the time to explore the lesser-known areas, away from the main thoroughfares, and you’ll find a whole new side of Nijūkimachi waiting to be explored.

Whether you’re a nature enthusiast, a nightlife lover, or simply someone looking to uncover the hidden gems of Tokyo, Shinjuku Nijūkimachi has something for everyone. With its vibrant attractions and diverse offerings, this neighborhood is a must-visit destination for any traveler.

History and Development of Shinjuku Nijūkimachi

The history of Shinjuku’s Nijūkimachi neighborhood can be traced back to the Edo period when it served as a residential area for temples and shrines. However, the real development of Nijūkimachi began in the late 19th century with the establishment of the Yodobashi Water Purification Plant. This marked the start of modern development in the region, as the plant provided a reliable water source for the growing population.

In 1923, Shinjuku Nijūkimachi faced a significant turning point when it was heavily affected by the Great Kantō Earthquake. The destruction caused by the earthquake led to a wave of rebuilding and reconstruction, which contributed to the area’s rapid growth. Over the years, Nijūkimachi evolved into one of Tokyo’s major secondary centers, attracting businesses and residents alike.

Today, Shinjuku Nijūkimachi is characterized by its dense urban landscape, dotted with towering skyscrapers and bustling streets. The area has seen continuous development and transformation, attracting both locals and tourists with its mix of historical charm and modern amenities. It remains a vibrant and dynamic neighborhood, reflecting the ever-changing face of Tokyo.

The Development Timeline of Shinjuku Nijūkimachi

Period Key Development
Edo Period (1603-1868) Nijūkimachi serves as a residential area for temples and shrines.
Late 19th Century Establishment of the Yodobashi Water Purification Plant leads to modern development.
1923 Great Kantō Earthquake results in significant rebuilding and reconstruction.
Present Nijūkimachi becomes one of Tokyo’s major secondary centers, known for its urban landscape and vibrant atmosphere.

Throughout its history, Shinjuku Nijūkimachi has evolved into a thriving neighborhood, blending its rich past with the demands of a modern metropolis. Its development timeline reflects the resilience and adaptability of the area, making it an integral part of Tokyo’s urban fabric.

Shinjuku Nijūkimachi Demographics and Economy

Shinjuku’s Nijūkimachi neighborhood is a bustling and diverse community, attracting both Japanese and foreign-born residents. As of 2020, the neighborhood has a total population of 349,385 residents, making it one of the most densely populated areas in Tokyo, with approximately 19,000 people per square kilometer. The demographic composition of Nijūkimachi reflects the multicultural nature of the district, with residents from different backgrounds contributing to its vibrant atmosphere. This diverse community adds to the richness and global appeal of Shinjuku Nijūkimachi.

The neighborhood’s economic activity is significant and plays a crucial role in Tokyo’s overall economy. Many companies have their headquarters or offices in Shinjuku Nijūkimachi, contributing to its thriving business landscape. Notable companies include regional telephone operator NTT East, global manufacturer Olympus Corporation, and renowned video game developer Square Enix. Additionally, fast food chains like McDonald’s Japan and Yoshinoya have a strong presence in the area, further adding to the local economy.

To further illustrate the economic importance of Shinjuku Nijūkimachi, here is a table showcasing some key companies and their contributions to the neighborhood’s economy:

Company Industry Headquarters/Offices Location
NTT East Telecommunications Shinjuku Nijūkimachi
Olympus Corporation Manufacturing Shinjuku Nijūkimachi
Square Enix Video Game Development Shinjuku Nijūkimachi
McDonald’s Japan Fast Food Shinjuku Nijūkimachi
Yoshinoya Fast Food Shinjuku Nijūkimachi

The presence of these companies, along with many others, highlights the economic vibrancy and significance of Shinjuku Nijūkimachi. With its diverse population and thriving business community, the neighborhood continues to contribute to the overall growth and development of Tokyo.


Shinjuku’s Nijūkimachi neighborhood is a hidden gem in the heart of Tokyo. With its vibrant streets, diverse culture, and iconic landmarks, it offers a truly unique experience for visitors and residents alike. From the beautiful gardens of Shinjuku Gyoen to the lively nightlife of Kabukichō, there is something for everyone to enjoy.

But Nijūkimachi is more than just its famous attractions. It is a neighborhood with a rich history and a dynamic economic landscape. Its transformation from a humble Edo period village to a modern urban center is a testament to its resilience and adaptability.

As you explore the streets of Nijūkimachi, you’ll also discover hidden gems that add to its charm. From quaint shops and cozy cafes to local festivals and traditional events, there are countless surprises waiting to be uncovered.

So, whether you’re a tourist looking to experience the vibrant soul of Tokyo or a local seeking to rediscover the magic of your own city, don’t miss out on the hidden gems of Shinjuku’s Nijūkimachi. It’s a neighborhood that will captivate your senses and leave you with unforgettable memories.


What are some must-see attractions in Shinjuku’s Nijūkimachi neighborhood?

The Shinjuku Gyoen park, Kabukichō nightlife district, Golden Gai, and Shinjuku Ni-chōme are all popular attractions in the area.

What is the history of Shinjuku’s Nijūkimachi neighborhood?

The neighborhood dates back to the Edo period and experienced significant growth after the Great Kantō Earthquake in 1923, becoming one of Tokyo’s major secondary centers.

What is the population and density of Shinjuku’s Nijūkimachi neighborhood?

As of 2020, the neighborhood has a population of 349,385 residents with a population density of approximately 19,000 people per square kilometer.

What companies have their headquarters in Shinjuku’s Nijūkimachi neighborhood?

Companies such as NTT East, Olympus Corporation, Square Enix, McDonald’s Japan, and Yoshinoya have their headquarters or offices in the region.

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